Canada’s Laws Must Respect First Nations Rights: AFN National Chief Perry Bellegarde on Supreme Court of Canada Decision on Mikisew

Canada’s Laws Must Respect First Nations Rights: AFN National Chief Perry Bellegarde on Supreme Court of Canada Decision on Mikisew

October 19, 2018

(Ottawa, ON) – Following today’s decision by the Supreme Court of Canada regarding Mikisew Cree First Nation stating that the federal government does not need to consult with First Nations prior to tabling legislation, Assembly of First Nations (AFN) National Chief Perry Bellegarde says Canada still has a duty to ensure its laws respect and honour First Nations rights and title.

“Today’s decision is disappointing, but it does reaffirm the federal government’s duty to uphold the Honour of the Crown, and that means respecting First Nations rights in any legislation,” said AFN National Chief Perry Bellegarde.  “This case is the result of misguided attempts by the previous federal government to override our rights. The court itself says any legislation that does not respect First Nations rights or meet the Crown’s obligations can be challenged.  First Nations are up for the challenge when these obligations aren’t met, but it shouldn’t have to get to that.  With full and meaningful engagement with First Nations at the outset of any initiative that could impact rights or our territories, we can and will produce better results and avoid costly, lengthy legal challenges.”

The 78 page judgment in the case of Chief Steve Courtoreille on behalf of himself and the members of the Mikisew Cree First Nation v. Governor General in Council et al., SCc 37441 was released this morning.

“First Nations are rights holders, not stake holders, and I lift up the Mikisew Cree for their fortitude and fully support them and all First Nations in asserting rights,” said National Chief Perry Bellegarde.  “The federal government has pledged to honour First Nations’ inherent rights and Treaty rights and to work with us to implement the UN Declaration, and I will continue to hold them to this standard. I will continue to push for a full review of all federal laws and policies to ensure that First Nations rights are reflected and respected.”

The Courtoreille/Mikisew Cree Nation case deals with Canada’s duty to consult with First Nations before introducing legislation. It arose in 2012 when the Minister of Finance introduced two omnibus bills that amended Canada’s environmental protection and regulatory legislative scheme. In 2013, Mikisew Cree First Nation, under Chief Steve Courtoreille, filed a judicial review application on the basis that Canada did not consult the Mikisew Cree First Nation on these changes which had potential to impact Mikisew’s Treaty rights. Canada does have an established duty to consult and accommodate when Indigenous rights and Treaties are affected. The issue in this case if that duty applies to the legislative process.

The AFN is the national organization representing First Nations citizens in Canada. Follow AFN on Twitter @AFN_Updates.


For media requests or more information, please contact:

Jenna Young Castro
AFN Communications Officer
613-241-6789 ext 201
613-314-8157 (cell)

Monica Poirier
Bilingual Communications Officer
Assembly of First Nations
613-241-6789 ext. 382


The University of Sudbury celebrates Indigenous recipients of substantial scholarships

During a ceremony held at the University of Sudbury on Thursday, October 18th at 10 a.m., three Indigenous students were recognized and were officially awarded their substantial scholarships.

A total sum of $18,000 was recently awarded in scholarships to deserving students of the Indigenous Studies program at the University of Sudbury. The recipients recognized this year were: Erin Fairbairn, who received the continuing $7,000 Dr. Constance Elaine Jayne Williams and Charles L. Williams Educational Trust Scholarship; Bneshiinh McLeod, who received the $4,000 Maple Grove United Church Scholarship; and Sonnie Debassige, who received the continuing $7,000 Rotary Aboriginal Scholarship Fund.

Erin Fairbairn is from Wikemikong Unceded Indian Reserve. She is a full-time student currently in her third year of the Indigenous Studies program, while concurrently working towards her Bachelor of Education. Working hard at balancing academics and her home life, as she has a family of her own, Erin says that she has dreamt of becoming a teacher of Indigenous Studies for as long as she can remember and that she looks forward to doing her part in the decolonization of education

Bneshiinh McLeod is an Anishinaabekwe from Mississauga First Nation, and a full-time student working towards a Bachelor of Arts in Indigenous Studies. She is currently the Vice-President of the Indigenous Students Circle, where she provides outreach and support to the Indigenous student population of the Laurentian Federation.

Sonnie Debassige, from M’Chigeeng First Nation, is a full-time student who is also working towards a Bachelor of Arts in Indigenous Studies and hopes to pursue her studies in that field at the doctoral level. Sonnie is very involved in offering cultural teachings within the Laurentian Federation, which she indicates can contribute to the reconciliation efforts.

The University is pleased to be able to offer such scholarships with the help of its donors, to assist these dedicated individuals in their studies and help foster their success as they continue their academic journeys and careers. We extend our most sincere congratulations to these recipients, who will surely use their knowledge and experience to make a difference.

About the Maple Grove United Church Scholarship
The Maple Grove United Church Scholarship was established in 2014 to assist Indigenous students in meeting their financial needs during the course of their full-time studies within the Laurentian Federation.

About the Dr. Constance Elaine Jayne Williams and Charles L. Williams Educational Trust Scholarship
Established in 2017, this scholarship is awarded to an Indigenous student pursuing full-time studies in the Indigenous Studies program at the University of Sudbury, from any of the following Ojibway bands: M’Chigeeng First Nation, Aundeck Omni Kaning First Nation, Wikemikong Unceded Indian Reserve, Sheguiandah First Nation, Sheshegwaning First Nation. This is a continuing scholarship, meaning that the recipients will continue to receive the annual amount until completion of their degree, as long as they continue to meet the requirements and remain in good academic standing.

About the Rotary Aboriginal Scholarship Fund
Established in 2016, the Rotary Indigenous Scholarship was established at the University of Sudbury due to the generous donation of the Rotary Club of Oakville Trafalgar. This scholarship is meant to assist Indigenous students in meeting their financial needs during the course of their full-time studies within the Laurentian Federation. This is a continuing scholarship, meaning that the recipients will continue to receive the annual amount until completion of their degree, as long as they continue to meet the requirements and remain in good academic standing.


Confederation College Unlocks the Future of Technology, Education and Collaboration with TEC Hub Grand Opening

THUNDER BAY, ON, October 19, 2018 – Confederation College was proud to celebrate the Grand Opening of its new Technology, Education and Collaboration (TEC) Hub Friday, unlocking endless possibilities for students and the region.

The 45,000 square foot facility, an extension of the College’s McIntyre Building, will have an immediate impact on the region and will contribute to the development of a skilled, employment-ready technology and trades workforce for northwestern Ontario. It will also host vibrant research, incubation and technology transfer services to support the region’s advanced manufacturing, technology and resource sectors. The facility includes three main clusters: industry skills and sustainability instruction, advanced manufacturing technology, and innovation and incubation.

Since the beginning of the academic term in September, the TEC Hub has been supporting the College’s engineering technology programs and welcomed the Aerospace Manufacturing program, formerly located within the school’s Aviation Centre of Excellence. The new facility will also provide pathways for skilled trades programming, specifically for Indigenous learners. All of this will lead to the ability to support more students through learning and will open the door for new programming to be developed as industry needs continue to evolve.

The TEC Hub will also create important opportunities for collaboration, inviting community partners to participate in research and development, and offering space for regional groups and individuals to pursue their own projects. Fostering innovation and entrepreneurship are a cornerstone of the new facility.

The design-build contract for the TEC Hub was awarded to a joint venture between Penn-Co Construction Canada (2003) Limited (build) and Stantec Architecture Limited (design). Colliers Project Leaders was hired by the College to lead project management.

The $19 million project was funded by the Government of Canada through the Strategic Investment Fund, the Province of Ontario, the Northern Ontario Heritage Fund Corporation, the Thunder Bay Community Economic Development Commission (CEDC) and Confederation College.


“We are pleased to celebrate in the TEC Hub’s completion with our many project partners and supporters. The facility significantly expands our capacity to support our students and programming, in turn supporting the workforce needs of the region. With this facility, we are well positioned to improve our current programs, explore new partnerships and develop new opportunities to contribute to the advancement of the manufacturing, technology and resource sectors in northwestern Ontario.”

– Kathleen Lynch, President, Confederation College

“This historic investment by the Government of Canada is a down payment on the government’s vision to position Canada as a global centre for innovation. This means making Canada a world leader in turning ideas into solutions, science into technologies, skills into jobs and start-up companies into global successes.”

– The Honourable Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

“The TEC Hub will be an incredible example of what we are able to achieve when we work together. The new facility ensures our region will be a leader in innovation, offering students access to new equipment, new partnerships and new ideas. Congratulations to Confederation College on this monumental day.”

– The Honourable Patty Hajdu, Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour, and MP Thunder Bay-Superior North

“Huge congratulations are in order for Confederation College and all the partners that came together to make the TEC Hub happen. This centre will be an excellent addition to the school, as well as the innovation, entrepreneurship and trades sectors of northwestern Ontario. Northwestern Ontario is a hub for innovation, and it is innovative projects like this that make this a reality. I look forward to seeing the wonderful things the TEC Hub will bring to our region!”

– Don Rusnak, MP Thunder Bay-Rainy River

“This new facility is not only a welcome addition to Confederation College, but it is a great asset for the Thunder Bay region and greater Northwestern Ontario. Through the Northern Ontario Heritage Fund, Ontario’s government for the people is proud to support this project, to better equip Northwestern Ontario with the tools to offer world-class education and create jobs in the region. I am glad to celebrate continued growth in Northwestern Ontario and congratulate Confederation College on the grand opening of the TEC Hub.”

– The Honourable Greg Rickford, Minister of Energy, Northern Development and Mines, and Chair of the Northern Ontario Heritage Fund Corporation (NOHFC)

“I am delighted to celebrate the grand opening of The Technology, Education and Collaboration (TEC) Hub. This project is instrumental in providing meaningful support to students in the advancing technology and trade sector. I am very proud to have supported Confederation College in securing $7 million in the 2016 Provincial Budget and an additional $2 million thanks to the Northern Ontario Heritage Fund.”

– Michael Gravelle, MPP Thunder Bay-Superior North

“Congratulations to Confederation College on the creation of The Technology, Education and Collaboration Hub here in Thunder Bay! It will create opportunities and contribute to the development of a skilled, employment ready technology and trades workforce, for our community and region. I believe we are on the cusp of great opportunities and growth here in Northwestern Ontario, and this facility will help ensure we are equipped with the people to make that happen.”

– Judith Monteith-Farrell, MPP Thunder Bay-Atikokan

“On behalf of the City of Thunder Bay and the Thunder Bay CEDC, I would like to offer congratulations to everyone who has worked tirelessly in support of making the TEC Hub a reality. This facility significantly expands our capacity to support students and programming, and in turn, support the workforce needs of our region. This new space will also invite collaboration with the community and foster innovation and entrepreneurship. We are so excited to see the design of a facility that is built to develop and support the future we all want to see!”

– Iain Angus, Acting Mayor, City of Thunder Bay and Representative for the Thunder Bay CEDC


Confederation College has been serving the citizens of northwestern Ontario since 1967 meeting the educational needs of students in a catchment area of some 550,000 square kilometres. Along with its main campus in Thunder Bay, Confederation College has eight regional sites located in Dryden, Fort Frances, Geraldton, Kenora, Marathon, Sioux Lookout, Red Lake and Wawa.

Confederation College delivers exceptional education and training to an average of 6,500 combined full- and part-time students per year and currently has a total of 850 full- and part-time employees. Confederation’s regional economic impact and contribution is valued at $643.4 million annually.

For more information, please contact:

Vince Ponka, Media & Communications Officer

Ph: (807) 475-6137, Cell: (807) 620-0043, E-mail:


The Government of Canada marks the 20th anniversary of Aboriginal Head Start on Reserve program

From: Indigenous Services Canada

October 19, 2018 — Ottawa, ON — Indigenous Services Canada

October 19 marks the 20th anniversary of the Aboriginal Head Start on Reserve (AHSOR) program. For two decades, AHSOR has touched the lives of First Nations children on reserve and their families through providing enriching, early-learning environments focused on cultivating a strong sense of identity and belonging.

AHSOR’s programming is designed to serve the learning and developmental needs of First Nations children from birth to 6 years of age. AHSOR’s model integrates traditional activities identified by communities alongside the promotion of Indigenous languages and cultures. In addition, the program’s holistic approach encourages First Nations parents, families and community members to play an important role, while building on relationships with other community-based programs and services to ensure that First Nations children get the best care throughout their development.

Evidence from the First Nations Regional Longitudinal Health Survey suggests that AHSOR’s approach helps to instill a strong sense of cultural identity that will follow children throughout their lives, while also having a positive impact on the broader promotion of Indigenous languages and cultures. For example, a significantly higher percentage of children who had attended AHSOR had some knowledge of a First Nations language, and were more likely to take part in traditional activities, such as singing, drumming and dancing, than those who did not attend the program.

The Government of Canada provides more than $48 million annually to support AHSOR programs across the country. In Budget 2016, investments in Early Learning and Child Care helped support repairs and renovations of facilities, as well as build further capacity in existing Indigenous early learning and child care services.


“For two decades, AHSOR has provided First Nations children and their families with high-quality early learning experiences focused on building pride and a strong sense of identity. AHSOR helps children learn and retain their First Nations languages, as well as develop meaningful connections to their culture that stay with them throughout their lives. Thank you to everyone who has helped make AHSOR a success.”

The Honourable Jane Philpott, P.C., M.P.
Minister of Indigenous Services

Quick facts

  • Language, culture and learning are crucial elements of early childhood development and have an important impact on Indigenous children throughout their lives. AHSOR provides culture and language services and supports that allow children to develop a strong sense of identity, and helps them to learn and retain their First Nations languages.
  • Evidence from the First Nations Regional Longitudinal Health Survey suggests that AHSOR has a positive impact on the promotion of Indigenous languages and cultures. For example, a significantly higher percentage of children who had attended AHSOR had some knowledge of a First Nations language, and a significantly higher percentage of children who had attended AHSOR took part in traditional activities, such as singing, drumming and dancing, outside of school hours at least once a week, compared to those who never attended AHSOR. Having a strong sense of cultural identity has been shown to positively influence outcomes for Indigenous youth.
  • The Government of Canada provides more than $48 million annually for the AHSOR program to offer services across the country. In the 2015-16 reporting year, more than 14,000 First Nations children on reserve across Canada were served by AHSOR.
  • Through Budget 2016 Early Learning and Child Care investments, the Government of Canada provided $12.8M in 2016-17 and $38.4M in 2017-18 for urgent repairs and renovations of the facilities used by the AHSOR program and to build capacity in existing Indigenous early learning and child care services.
  • An Indigenous Early Learning and Child Care Framework was announced on September 17, 2018. This Framework was co-developed with Indigenous partners.

Associated links


Rachel Rappaport
Press Secretary
Office of the Honourable Jane Philpott
Minister of Indigenous Services

Media Relations
Indigenous Services Canada


Mikisew Group of Companies now a CCAB Patron Member

Mikisew Group of Companies now a CCAB Patron Member

Toronto, ON – October 18, 2018 – The Canadian Council for Aboriginal Business (CCAB) is pleased to announce the Mikisew Group of Companies has become a Patron Member.

“Mikisew Group of Companies is both honored and proud to become a Patron Member of the CCAB. Our goals and objectives as an Aboriginal business align with the vision and values of CCAB. I’m fully confident that the success of our company will continue to prosper through the support of CCAB. We’re committed to developing sustainable and long-lasting business relations across Canada and becoming a Patron Member allows us to develop and maintain partnerships that will strengthen our community and Country both socially and economically,” said Edward Courteoreille, CEO, Mikisew Group of Companies.

CCAB Patrons represent the innovators who have made the highest commitment to bridging gaps between Aboriginal– owned businesses, Aboriginal Economic Development Corporations, and corporate Canada.

“We’re honoured and excited to welcome the Mikisew Group of Companies as a Patron Member,” says JP Gladu, CCAB’s president and CEO. “This is a significant commitment to our organization as well as to Aboriginal businesses from coast-to-coast-to-coast.”


About CCAB

CCAB is committed to the full participation of Indigenous peoples in Canada’s economy. A national, non-partisan association, CCAB offers knowledge, resources and programs to both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal owned companies that foster economic opportunities for Indigenous peoples and businesses across Canada.

About Mikisew Group of Companies

Mikisew Group of Companies is the owned economic development arm of the Mikisew Cree First Nation. The Mikisew Cree First Nation is a First Nation in Northeastern Alberta with approximate membership of 3,000 individuals predominantly residing in Fort Chipewyan, Fort McMurray and Edmonton. The Mikisew Group of Companies is comprised of two main operating entities (wholly owned) and 11 limited partnerships (majority owned) servicing the Alberta oil sands in various industries including site services, fleet maintenance, transportation services, emergency medical response and fire response, camp and catering services, construction services, structural steel, electrical and instrumentation services, aerodrome handling and facilities maintenance. For more information, please visit

For more information, please contact:

Dave Bennett
Xposure PR
905 339 6668

In Canada, more than a million people have donned a piece of moose hide to stamp out violence against women – National Observer

October 19th 2018

Hundreds of people gathered on a cold, crisp Thursday in Ottawa to honour a national movement against violence towards Indigenous and non-Indigenous women and children.

The third national gathering of the Moose Hide Campaign included a day of fasting, workshops and speeches, a “walk to end violence” to Parliament Hill and in the evening, a ceremony and community feast.

The campaign is named from a small square of moose hide that adherents pin to their clothing to signal a commitment to stamp out violence and show respect and honour for women and children.

It’s not just about being a non-abuser: it’s about going beyond that, speaking up, taking action and holding each other accountable.

Read More:

City of Kingston announces Elder in Residence for the Grand OnStage 2018-19 season

Oct. 19, 2018 –

The inaugural Elder in Residence for the Grand Onstage 2018-19 season has been confirmed as Grandmother Kathy Brant. Grandmother Brant has worked with the Indigenous Community in Kingston and area for the last five years as an Indigenous Community Development Worker with Kingston Community Health Centres. Her role begins Monday, Oct. 22, when she will be supporting Xara Choral Theatre’s presentation of Fatty Legs. The three sold-out performances are part of the Grand Theatre’s programming for students and educators.

The City of Kingston is committed to a shared path of reconciliation and in the context of the Grand OnStage Program at the Grand Theatre to providing Indigenous cultural and educational experiences centered on the performing arts to Kingston residents. As a new initiative over the 2018-19 Grand OnStage Season, the City of Kingston released a call for an Elder in Residence/Traditional Knowledge Keeper who is able to share his or her knowledge, traditional teachings and offer cultural support to patrons and artists.

All applications were reviewed and assessed by a jury of peers with Grandmother Kathy Brant being selected as the successful applicant for the 2018-2019 Grand OnStage season. Grandmother Kathy Brant will provide her knowledge and support to performances and operations throughout the programming year.

“I am extremely excited to have the opportunity to work with Grandmother Kathy Brant as we strive to deepen the relationship between the Grand OnStage program, the exceptional Indigenous artists in our season and the Indigenous community” states Jayson Duggan, performing arts manager for the City of Kingston.

Grandmother Brant is Mohawk of the Haudenosaunee Six Nations Confederacy and has worked with Indigenous Communities for close to 25 years. She is passionate about sharing her own teachings and to working with other Knowledge Keepers to share their teachings as well. The goal of the Elder in Residence position is to increase awareness of Indigenous culture for patrons of the Grand Theatre as well as provide traditional medicine and knowledge to artists and patrons as needed over the term of the appointment. Involvement in engagement activities such as participation in talks, question and answer sessions, and informal dialogue at performances will be part of the duties of this position and more details for specific performances will be released as they are confirmed.

Learn more at


Sweat lodge ceremony offers new perspectives as part of Thunder Bay police change project – CBC

Oct 19, 2018

Community working group makes revamping police Aboriginal Liaison Unit first priority

A recent visit to a sweat lodge provided members of the community, who are working with the Thunder Bay Police Service on its organizational change project – ‘Shaping Our Future’ – some new ideas and a new perspective on building relationships.

The first priority of the working group is to revamp the police Aboriginal Liaison Unit (ALU), says Leisa Desmoulins, who is an associate professor of education at Lakehead University, and a consultant on the change project.

In order to do that, people felt it was important to learn more about Indigenous culture and traditions.

Read More:

Nordik Institute: Social Enterprise and Entrepreneurship Development Webinar Series – Oct. 29 – Nov. 1

October 19, 2018

Social Enterprise and Entrepreneurship (SEE) is delivering a series of development webinars for business developers and social enterprises, from Oct. 29 – Nov. 2.  Below is webinar registration links.

The webinars will be recorded and posted at at a later date.

Please refer to the attached poster for more details.

We look forward to having you join us!

Social Enterprise Development Webinars Schedule and Registration:

  1. SE 101: Oct 29, 12:00 – 1:00 pm:  To register click here:  
  2. From Ideation to ‘Go’ or ‘No Go’: Oct 29, 1:00 – 2:00pm:  To register click here: 
  3. Social Enterprise Start Up: Oct 30, 12:00 – 1:00pm:  To registerclick here:
  4. Scaling-up Social Enterprise: Oct 30:  1:00 – 2:00 pm:  To register click here:
  5. Measuring Social Impact: Oct 31, 12:00 – 1:00pm:  To register click here: 
  6. Peer Mentoring and Lending Circle: Oct 31, 1:00 – 2:00pm:  To register click here:
  7. Community Asset Mapping: Nov 1, 12:00 – 1:00pm:  To register click here:
  8. SEE Online Resources for Northern Ontario: Nov 1, 1:00 – 2:00pm:  To register click here: 
  9. Peer Mentoring Circles: Nov 2, 2:00 – 3:00pm:  To register click here:

Upon registration a confirmation email will be sent to you with the link and call in number to join the meeting the day of.

Again, all webinars will be recorded and made available at at a later date.

Click on the poster link below for more details.

Social Enterprise Development Webinars-Poster


Government Releases Annual Financial Report

October 19, 2018 – Ottawa, Ontario – Department of Finance Canada

The Government of Canada is committed to sound fiscal management as it continues to make investments to support long-term economic growth, help create more good, well-paying jobs, and provide more opportunities for the middle class and people working hard to join it.

The Department of Finance Canada today released the Annual Financial Report of the Government of Canada for 2017–18, which provides an overview of the Government’s spending and revenue performance for the previous fiscal year and discusses the factors affecting these results.

The Government posted a budgetary deficit of $19.0 billion for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, down from a projected budgetary deficit of $19.9 billion in Budget 2018, while the federal debt-to-GDP (gross domestic product) ratio stood at 31.3% at March 31, 2018, down 0.7 percentage points from the previous year.

The report also shows that the Canadian economy was remarkably strong in 2017, growing at a pace well above that of all other Group of Seven (G7) countries, and at its strongest pace since 2011.

Canadians added 427,300 jobs in 2017, leading the unemployment rate to fall to 5.8% in December 2017—matching its lowest recorded level in over 40 years.

Canada’s solid economic performance was driven by growth in consumer spending, sound regional housing markets as well as supportive monetary and fiscal policy, while stronger global economic conditions contributed to a rebound in business investment in Canada.

Going forward, the Government will continue to focus on creating economic conditions where more Canadians and more Canadian businesses succeed, and to grow the economy for the benefit of everyone.

Quick Facts

  • The Government posted a budgetary deficit of $19.0 billion for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018.
  • Revenues increased by $20.1 billion, or 6.9%, from 2016–17. Program expenses increased by $19.5 billion, or 6.7%, reflecting increases in all major categories of expenses. Public debt charges were up $0.7 billion, or 3.1%.
  • As reported by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Canada’s total government net debt-to-GDP ratio, which includes the net debt of the federal, provincial/territorial and local governments, as well as the net assets held in the Canada Pension Plan and Quebec Pension Plan, stood at 27.8% in 2017. This is the lowest level among G7 countries, which the IMF expects will record an average net debt of 87.5% of GDP for the same year.
  • Real GDP grew 3.0% after posting subdued growth rates in 2015 (1.0%) and 2016 (1.4%).
  • Canada’s nominal GDP grew 5.4% in 2017, up from 2.0% in 2016. Both real and nominal GDP growth in 2017 were in line with the Budget 2018 forecast.
  • For 2017–18, there has been an accounting change in how the Government values its unfunded pension obligations, following recommendations from the Auditor General of Canada. This represents a fundamental change in the Government’s accounting approach and has been applied on a retroactive basis, resulting in a restatement of prior years’ financial results. As a result:
    • The projected budgetary balance for 2017–18 reported in Budget 2018 of $19.4 billion has been restated to $19.9 billion; and
    • Fiscal results have been restated starting in 2008–09. With the revision, the debt has been revised up over this period such that the opening balance of the federal debt for 2017–18 has been restated to 32.0% of GDP from 31.0% as originally published in Budget 2018.

Related Products

Media may contact:

Pierre-Olivier Herbert
Press Secretary
Office of the Minister of Finance

Media Relations
Department of Finance Canada

General Enquiries

Phone: 613-369-3710
Facsimile: 613-369-4065
TTY: 613-369-3230


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